Top twenty highest mountains in the world
Top twenty highest mountains in the world.
All 20 of the highest summits are located in central and south Asia. They are each measured as individual peaks and not as part of a mountain range.
Mauna Kea, a dormant volcano that is partially submerged that is found on the island of Hawaii, is the tallest mountain in the world if measured from the floor of the Pacific Ocean to its summit at a staggering 10, 203 meters in technicality. However the sole objective of this list, we will only be looking at peaks whose bottom is found above sea level, i.e., both the base and top of the mountain have to be above sea level.
20. Nuptse, Mahalangur Himalaya
Nuptse in Tibetan/Sherpa means’ Western peak.’ It is located in the Mahalangur range in the Khumbu region and is one of the mountains that surround Mount Everest. It was first ascended in 1961 by Tashi Sherpa and Dennis Davis. Nuptse is the 20th on this list of the highest mountain peaks in the world.
19. Distaghil Sar, Hispar Karakoram
This peak is located in the Karakoram range of Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. Dishtaghil Sar is almost three kilometers wide and 7884 meters in height. Gunther Starker and Diether Marchar who were part of an Austrian expedition team were the first to climb it in 1960.
It is the highest peak of the Hispar Muztagh range.
18. Himalchuli, Manaslu Himalaya
The Himalchuli peak is a part of Nepal Himalayas and prevails south of Mount Manaslu, which is one of the highest mountains in the world. Himalchuli has the second-highest summit in its mountain range, i.e., Mansiri Himalaya at the height of 7892 meters. Hisashi Tanabe of Japan was the first person to have climbed it in 1960.
17. Gasherbrum IV, Baltoro Karakoram
Gasherbrum IV is one of the peaks in the Gasherbrum mountain range as the name suggests and is located in Pakistan. It is at the north-east end of the Baltoro Glacier in the Karakoram range of the greater Himalaya. Gasherbrum means “Shining Wall” in the Urdu language. The rest of the three peaks located in the Gasherbrum range are well above 8000 meters while this peak is about 7932 meters in elevation.
16. Annapurna II, Annapurna Massif
The Annapurna peaks are part of the Annapurna massif that forms a vital part of the Himalayan ranges. At 7934 m high, Annapurna II lies in the eastern ranges of the Annapurna range and quite contrary to the common belief in people; it is an independent peak. The first ascent of this peak was made by Richard Grant, Chris Bonington, and Ang Nyima Sherpa in 1960 and has seen very few ascents since.
15. Gyanchung Kang, Mahalangur Himalaya
Gyanchung Kang lies between two of the tallest mountains in the world, both of which are above 8000 meters namely, Cho Oyu and Everest. It is part of Mahalangur Himalaya while it spreads between the borders of Nepal and Tibet Autonomous Region of China. It was first climbed in 1964 by the Japanese. Gyanchung Kang marks an essential point in this list because it is the highest mountain in the world that is below 8000 meters. It is 7952meters in height.
14. Shishapangma, Jugal Himal
We are now entering the elite mountain peaks because all the mountains listed from here onwards are above an altitude of more than 8000 meters. Despite being the lowest of all 8000-meter mountains does not necessarily make it any easier to climb. It is located between Tibet and Nepal. It lies in the restricted area that foreigners are not permitted to visit on security grounds. The 8013-meter high mountain Shishapangma got its name that means “crest above the grassy meadows” in the Tibetan dialect.
13. Gasherbrum II or K4, Baltoro Karakoram
Gasherbrum II lies above Gasherbrum III, and as mentioned above, it is located in the Karakoram range. The 8035-meter peak was first climbed in 1956 by Austrian climber. Gasherbrum II is the fourth highest mountain in the Karakoram range and is also popularly known as K4.
12. Broad Peak or K3, Baltoro Karakoram
The broad peak at 8051 meters is the 12th highest mountain and is also popularly know as Falchan Kangri among the locals.
It produces some very harsh conditions around it and climbing it is near to impossible in these ranges for most of the year.
11. Gasherbrum I or Hidden Peak or K5, Baltoro Karakoram
K5 is the fifth highest peak of the Karakoram range received another name in the late 20th century. The name was hidden peak due to the extreme remoteness in which it is located. Pete Schoning and Andy Kauffman who were part of an eight-member American team were the first to climb this 8080-meter peak in 1956.
10. Annapurna I, Annapurna Massif
Now that we have reached the top 10, the elevation of the summits keeps getting higher and the number of successful summits less. The main peak of Annapurna I is the tenth tallest mountain in the world with an altitude of 8091 meters. Annapurna got its name from Sanskrit, which means “sufficient grains.”
9. Nanga Parbat, Nanga Parbat Himalayas
Located in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan; Nanga Parbat stands at 8126 meters and is locally known as Deo-mir. It is also known by the name of “Killer Mountain” because it has one of the highest numbers of deaths and unsuccessful expeditions at the same time, it has never been climbed during the winter. The Germans gave it a term of endearment “Unserberg” meaning our mountain in the 1950s.
8. Manaslu, Manaslu Himal
Manaslu derives from the Sanskrit word ‘Manas,’ which means ‘knowledge’ or ‘spirit.’ It lies in the Gorkha district of the Himalayas and is in very close proximity to the Annapurna range. Manaslu stands at 8163 meters. A Manaslu Conservation Area Project has also been set up to maintain sustainability and conservation goals.
7. Dhaulagiri I, Dhaulagiri Himal
The Dhaulagiri mountain range drains its snow across for hundreds of kilometers from the Kali Gandaki river in Nepal right into the Ganges in India. The highest of its peaks, Dhaulagiri I stands at 8167 meters high and is the seventh highest peak in the world. It is the highest point in the Kali Gandaki river valley. The name Dhaulagiri is from the combination of two Sanskrit words – ‘Dhaula,’ which means dazzling and Giri meaning ‘mountain.’
6. Cho Oyu, Mahalangur range Himalaya
Cho Oyu means “Turquoise Goddess” in Tibetan. It is one of the highest peaks in the Mahalangur range at 8201 meters and lies 20-kilometer west of Mount Everest. Cho Oyu is usually considered to be the easiest of the 8000-meter peaks to be climbed due to the moderate slopes and passes nearby. The first summit of Cho Oyu took place on 19th October 1954 by Austrians Herbert Tichy and Sepp Jochler along with Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama
5. Makalu, Mahalangur range Himalaya
We have now reached the top 5, and the altitude is staggering from here on; so high that even Mount Makalu at 8485 meters in height is number five. Despite being part of the Mahalangur range, Makalu is an isolated peak shaped like a four-sided pyramid. French climbers first reached Makalu’s summit in 1955.
4. Lhotse, Mahalangur Range Himalaya
Lhotse means “Southern Peak” in the Sherpa and Tibetan language. At the height of 8516 meters, it is the second-highest mountain in the Mahalangur range. The main summit of Lhotse was first reached by the Swiss team of Ernest Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger in 1956.
3. Kangchenjunga, Kangchenjunga Himalaya
This peak was thought to be the highest mountain in the world until 1852. Kanchenjunga at 8586 meters is the highest peak in India. The Sikkimese/Tibetan word means “five forts of snow.” It is revered by the people of Darjeeling, Sikkim, and Nepal. It is also a center of tourist activities as there is quite a bit of history behind it.
2. K2 /Chhogori/Godwin Austen, Baltoro Karakoram
The Baltistan region of Pakistan is home to the highest point in both the Karakoram range and the nation in the form of K2. At a staggering altitude of 8611 meters, K2 is also known as the savage mountain because of the sheer complexity it poses to those attempting to climb it. In fact, it has one of the lowest numbers of successful ascents and has never been summited during the winter. The summit was first by the Italian climbers Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni, on the 1954 Italian Karakoram expedition led by Ardito Desio.
1.Sagarmatha /Chomolungma/ Mount Everest /, Mahalangur Range Himalaya
Finally, after an arduous journey of listing 19 mountains, we now have reached the highest point on earth, Mount Everest or Sagarmatha as it is called in Nepal and Chomolungma as it is known in Tibet. It was first identified by the British in 1802 and experienced its first successful summit in 1953 when Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa climbed it. There have been thousands of mountaineering expeditions from people around the world who attempt to reach its summit. However, only a few have succeeded.