Top twenty highest mountains in the world
Top twenty highest mountains in the world.
All 20 of the highest summits are located in central and south Asia. They are each measured as individual peaks and not as part of a mountain range.
Mauna Kea, a dormant volcano that is partially submerged that is found on the island of Hawaii, is the tallest mountain in the world if measured from the Pacific Ocean floor to its summit at a staggering 10 203 meters in technicality. However, the sole objective of this list is to look at peaks whose bottom is found above sea level, i.e., both the base and top of the mountain have to be above sea level.
20. Nuptse, Mahalangur Himalaya
Nuptse in Tibetan/Sherpa means’ Western peak.’ It is located in the Mahalangur range in the Khumbu region and is one of Mount Everest’s mountains. It was first ascended in 1961 by Tashi Sherpa and Dennis Davis. Nuptse is the 20th on this list of the highest mountain peaks in the world.
19. Distaghil Sar, Hispar Karakoram
This peak is located in the Karakoram range of the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. Dishtaghil Sar is almost three kilometres wide and 7884 meters in height. Gunther Starker and Diether Marchar, who were part of an Austrian expedition team, were the first to climb it in 1960.
It is the highest peak of the Hispar Muztagh range.
18. Himalchuli, Manaslu Himalaya
The Himalchuli peak is a part of the Nepal Himalayas and prevails south of Mount Manaslu, one of the world’s highest mountains. Himalchuli has the second-highest summit in its mountain range, i.e., Mansiri Himalaya, at 7892 meters. Hisashi Tanabe of Japan was the first person to have climbed it in 1960.
17. Gasherbrum IV, Baltoro Karakoram
Gasherbrum IV is one of the peaks in the Gasherbrum mountain range, as the name suggests, and is located in Pakistan. It is at the northeast end of the Baltoro Glacier in the Karakoram range of the greater Himalayas. Gasherbrum means “Shining Wall” in the Urdu language. The rest of the three peaks in the Gasherbrum range are well above 8000 meters, while this peak is about 7932 meters in elevation.
16. Annapurna II, Annapurna Massif
The Annapurna peaks are part of the Annapurna massif, forming a vital part of the Himalayan ranges. At 7934 m high, Annapurna II lies in the Annapurna range’s eastern fields, and quite contrary to the common belief in people, it is an independent peak. This peak was made by Richard Grant, Chris Bonington, and Ang Nyima Sherpa in 1960 and has seen very few ascents.
15. Gyanchung Kang, Mahalangur Himalaya
Gyanchung Kang lies between the tallest mountains above 8000 meters, namely, Cho Oyu and Everest. It is part of Mahalangur Himalaya, spreading between Nepal and Tibet Autonomous Region of China. It was first climbed in 1964 by the Japanese. Gyanchung Kang marks an essential point in this list because it is the highest mountain globally, below 8000 meters. It is 7952meters in height.
14. Shishapangma, Jugal Himal
We are now entering the elite mountain peaks because all the above mountains are above an altitude of more than 8000 meters. Despite being the lowest of all 8000-meter mountains, it does not necessarily make climbing any easier. It is located between Tibet and Nepal. It is in a restricted area where foreigners are not permitted to visit on security grounds. The 8013-meter high mountain Shishapangma got its name, which means “crest above the grassy meadows” in the Tibetan dialect.
13. Gasherbrum II or K4, Baltoro Karakoram
Gasherbrum II lies above Gasherbrum III, and as mentioned above, it is located in the Karakoram range. The 8035-meter peak was first climbed in 1956 by an Austrian climber. Gasherbrum II is the fourth highest mountain in the Karakoram range and is known as K4.
12. Broad Peak or K3, Baltoro Karakoram
The broad peak at 8051 meters is the 12th highest mountain known as Falchan Kangri.
It produces some very harsh conditions around it, and climbing is nearly impossible in these ranges for most of the year.
11. Gasherbrum I or Hidden Peak or K5, Baltoro Karakoram
K5 is the fifth peak of the Karakoram range and received another name in the late 20th century. The name was hidden peak due to the extreme remoteness in which it is located. Pete Schoning and Andy Kauffman, part of an eight-member American team, were the first to climb this 8080-meter peak in 1956.
10. Annapurna I, Annapurna Massif
Now that we have reached the top 10, the summits’ elevation keeps getting higher, and the number of successful summits is less. Annapurna I’s main peak is the tenth tallest mountain globally, with an altitude of 8091 meters. Annapurna got its name from Sanskrit, which means “sufficient grains.”
9. Nanga Parbat, Nanga Parbat Himalayas
Located in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan, Nanga Parbat stands at 8126 meters and is locally known as Deo-mir. It is also known as “Killer Mountain” because it simultaneously has one of the highest numbers of deaths and unsuccessful expeditions; it has never been climbed during winter. The Germans gave it a term of endearment, “Unserberg,” meaning our mountain in the 1950s.
8. Manaslu, Manaslu Himal
Manaslu derives from the Sanskrit word ‘Manas,’ which means ‘knowledge’ or ‘spirit.’ It lies in the Himalayas’ Gorkha district and is close to the Annapurna range. Manaslu stands at 8163 meters. A Manaslu Conservation Area Project has also been set up to maintain sustainability and conservation goals.
7. Dhaulagiri I, Dhaulagiri Himal
The Dhaulagiri mountain range drains its snow across hundreds of kilometres from the Kali Gandaki river in Nepal, right into India’s Ganges. The highest of its peaks stands at 8167 meters high and is the seventh-highest peak. It is the highest point in the Kali Gandaki river valley. Dhaulagiri’s name is from the combination of two Sanskrit words – ‘Dhaula,’ which means dazzling, and Giri, meaning ‘mountain.’
6. Cho Oyu, Mahalangur range Himalaya
Cho Oyu means “Turquoise Goddess” in Tibetan. It is one of the highest peaks in the Mahalangur range at 8201 meters and lies 20-kilometer west of Mount Everest. Cho Oyu is usually considered the easiest of the 8000-meter peaks due to the moderate slopes and passes nearby. The first summit of Cho Oyu took place on 19th October 1954 by Austrians Herbert Tichy and Sepp Jochler, along with Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama.
5. Makalu, Mahalangur range Himalaya
We have reached the top 5, and the altitude is staggering from here on, so high that even Mount Makalu, at 8485 meters in height, is number five. Despite being part of the Mahalangur range, Makalu is an isolated peak shaped like a four-sided pyramid. French climbers first reached Makalu’s summit in 1955.
4. Lhotse, Mahalangur Range Himalaya
Lhotse means “Southern Peak” in the Sherpa and Tibetan languages. At the height of 8516 meters, it is the second-highest mountain in the Mahalangur range. The main summit of Lhotse was first reached by Ernest Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger’s Swiss team in 1956.
3. Kangchenjunga, Kangchenjunga Himalaya
This peak was considered the highest mountain in the world until 1852. Kanchenjunga, at 8586 meters, is the highest peak in India. The Sikkimese/Tibetan word means “five forts of snow.” It is revered by the people of Darjeeling, Sikkim, and Nepal. It is also a centre of tourist activities as there is quite a bit of history behind it.
2. K2 /Chhogori/Godwin Austen, Baltoro Karakoram
The Baltistan region of Pakistan is home to the highest point in the Karakoram range and the nation in K2. At a staggering altitude of 8611 meters, K2 is also known as the savage mountain because of the sheer complexity of those attempting to climb it. It has one of the lowest numbers of successful ascents and has never been summited during the winter. The summit was first by the Italian climbers Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni on the 1954 Italian Karakoram expedition led by Ardito Desio.
1. Sagarmatha /Chomolungma/ Mount Everest /, Mahalangur Range Himalaya
Finally, after an arduous journey of listing 19 mountains, we have reached the highest point on earth, Mount Everest or Sagarmatha, called in Nepal, and Chomolungma is known in Tibet. The British first identified it in 1802 and experienced its first successful summit in 1953 when Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa climbed it. There have been thousands of mountaineering expeditions from people worldwide who attempt to reach its summit. However, only a few have succeeded.
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